Burdfield‐Steel, E., & Burdfield, C. (2023). How to fail in advertising: The potential of marketing theory to predict the community‐level selection of defended prey. Journal of Evolutionary Biology.


Cristina Ottocento, Anne E. Winters, Bibiana Rojas, Johanna Mappes, and Emily Burdfield-Steel. Not just the sum of its parts: geographic variation and non-additive effects of pyrazines in the chemical defence of an aposematic moth. Journal of Evolutionary Biology. Accepted

Thomas Blankers*, Elise Fruitet*, Emily Burdfield‐Steel* and Astrid Groot. Experimental evolution of a pheromone signal. Ecology and Evolution. 12, e8941. (*Equal contribution)

Zeeman, A.N., Smallegange, I.M., Burdfield-Steel, E., Groot, A.T. & Stewart, K.A.Toward an understanding of the chemical ecology of alternative reproductive tactics in the bulb mite (Rhizoglyphus robini). BMC Ecol Evo 22, 5


Chiara De Pasqual, Astrid T. Groot, Johanna Mappes and Emily Burdfield-Steel, Evolutionary importance of intraspecific variation in sex pheromones, Trends in Ecology & Evolution;

Emily Burdfield-Steel and Darrell J Kemp, Negative intersexual genetic correlation for colour pattern in a variable aposematic insect, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2021;, blab025,

Swanne Gordon*, Emily Burdfield-Steel*, Jimi Kirvesoja, and Johanna Mappes. Safety in numbers: How color morph frequency affects predation risk in an aposematic moth. The American Naturalist. 198:1, 128-141 (* Shared first authorship)


Astrid T. Groot, Varvara Y. Vedenina and Emily Burdfield-Steel. Editorial: Multimodal Mating Signals: Evolution, Genetics and Physiological Background.  Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution.

Katja Ronka, Janne Valkonen, Ossi Nokelainen, Bibiana Rojas, Swanne Gordon, Emily Burdfield-Steel, Johanna Mappes. Geographic mosaic of selection by avian predators on hindwing warning colour in a polymorphic aposematic moth. Ecology Letters 23: 1654-1663.

Carita Lindstedt, Kaisa Suisto, Emily Burdfield-Steel, Anne Winters & Johanna Mappes. Defence against predators incurs high reproductive costs for the aposematic moth Arctia plantaginis. Behavioral Ecology. doi:10.1093/beheco/araa033

Emily Burdfield-Steel, Jutta Schneider, Johanna Mappes & Susanne Dobler. Testing the effectiveness of pyrazine defences against spidersChemoecology


Rojas, B., Mappes, J. & Burdfield-Steel, EMultiple modalities in insect warning displays have additive effects against wild avian predators. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 73: 37.


Burdfield-Steel E., Brain M., Rojas B., Mappes J. The price of safety: food deprivation in early life influences the efficacy of chemical defence in an aposematic moth. OIKOS. doi:10.1111/oik.05420

Briolat E.S., Burdfield-Steel E.R., Paul S.C., Rönkä K.H., Seymoure B.M., Stankowich T. & Stuckert A.M.M. (2018) Diversity in warning coloration: Selective paradox or the norm? Biological Reviews.

Fabricant S.A., Burdfield-Steel E.R., Umbers K., Lowe E.C. & Herberstein M.E. (2018) Warning signal plasticity in Hibiscus Harlequin Bugs. Evolutionary Ecology

Rojas, B., Burdfield-Steel, E., Gordon, S. P., De Pasqual, C., Hernández, L., Mappes, J., Nokelainen, O., Rönkä, K., Lindstedt, C. (2018) Multimodal aposematic signals and their emerging role in mate attraction. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution.

Potvin, D. A., Burdfield-Steel, E., Potvin, J. M. & Heap, S. M. (2018) Diversity begets diversity: a global perspective on gender equality in scientific society leadership. PLOS ONE, 13 (5): e0197280.

Burdfield-Steel, E.R. & Shuker, D.M. (2018) Divergence is not speciation, or why we need females: a comment on Tinghitella et al. Behavioral Ecology, ary069.

Burdfield-Steel, E., Pakkanen, H., Rojas, B., Galarza, J. A. & Mappes, J. (2018) De novo synthesis of chemical defences in an aposematic moth. Journal of Insect Science. 18(2)


Rojas, B.‡, Burdfield-Steel, E.‡, Pakkanen, H., Suisto, K., Maczka, M., Schulz, S. & Mappes, J. (2017) How to fight multiple enemies: target-specific chemical defences in an aposematic moth. (‡Equal contribution). Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 2017 284 20171424

Shuker, D.M. & Burdfield-Steel, E.R. (2017), Reproductive interference in insects. Ecological Entomology, 42: 65–75. doi:10.1111/een.12450


Burdfield-Steel, E.R., Auty, S. & Shuker, D.M. (2015) Do the benefits of polyandry scale with outbreeding? Behavioral Ecology, 26 (5): 14231431.

Dougherty, L.R., Rahman, I.A., Burdfield-Steel, E.R., Greenway, E.V. & Shuker, D.M. (2015) Experimental reduction of intromittent organ length reduces male reproductive success in a bug. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B.

Shuker, D.M., Currie, N., Hoole, T. & Burdfield-Steel, E.R. (2015) The extent and costs of reproductive interference among four species of true bug. Population Ecology.


Burdfield-Steel, E.R. & Shuker, D.M. (2014) Mate-guarding in a promiscuous insect: species discrimination influences reproductive interference in seed bugs. Evolutionary Ecology, 28:1031–1042.

Burdfield-Steel, E.R. & Shuker, D.M. (2014) The evolutionary ecology of the Lygaeidae. Ecology & Evolution, 4:2278-2310.


Burdfield-Steel, E.R., Dougherty, L.R., Smith, L.A., Collins, L.A. & Shuker, D.M. (2013) Variation in social and sexual behaviour in four species of aposematic seed bugs (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae): The role of toxic and non-toxic food. Behavioural Processes, 99: 52– 6.

†Dougherty, L.R., †Burdfield-Steel, E.R. & Shuker, D.M. (2013) Sexual stereotypes: the case of sexual cannibalism. Animal Behaviour, 85: 313-322. († Equal contribution)


Truelove, N.K., Burdfield-Steel, E., Griffiths, S., Ley-Cooper, K., Preziosi, R., Butler, M.J., Behringer, D.C., Box, S. & Canty, S. (2012) Genetic Connectivity of Caribbean Spiny Lobster (Panulirus argus) in Belize. Proc. Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Inst. 64: 464-467.


Burdfield-Steel, E.R. & Shuker, D.M. (2011) Reproductive interference. Current Biology, 21: R450-451.

Book Reviews

Review of “Avoiding Attack: The Evolutionary Ecology of Crypsis, Aposematism, and Mimicry” in Basic and Applied Ecology. 2019. Swanne Gordon and Emily Burdfield-Steel.